Timothy is Professor of Individual Differences in Psychology, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh. After earning a Ph.D. from the Department of Psychology at University of Auckland, he worked in Sydney before moving to Edinburgh. His research has spanned causal inference, genome-wide association studies in dyslexia, DNA-based methods for causal inference regarding parental effects (non-transmitted genomes) and cognitive-experimental approaches in the psychology of individual differences. He is also active in Evolutionary Psychology, especially the psychological motives involved in values such as wealth redistribution. His current focus is testing claims about raising ability (Growth mindset, will power, effort, education) and building understanding of how conscientiousness and intelligence work to promote attainment, and exploring the best ways to promote learning in education.

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